Taking an individual portrait is quite a intimate experience. It is you and the the person you are photographing. I usually take two types of shots formal and informal. I am going to show you some formal shots I have taken recently of my daughter at her school ball (prom)
* I usually take photos on a cloudy day or at dawn at dusk as the light is the softest then. This is perfect for a portrait photograph.
* The subject can dress informally or formal for a formal pose. It is entirely up to you both. In these shots my daughter is in full formal dress.
A full face shot. Your subject doesn't have to be smiling to get a nice photo.
Side on face shot with a nice view of the hair.
This captures my daughters wonderful personality.
A side on shot. Your subject doesn't have to have their eyes open for nice shot either.
An inside shot. A nice neutral background doesn't detract the eye form the important person in this shot. I took this one without a flash.
More of her personality coming through.
A back pose with a full flash.
Try taking a photo with a hobby of the person. This helps tell a story.
Another photo of her playing her violin
A full shot. I would have got more full shots and other poses normally but I had a rather reluctant model!
Try and capture the subjects personality.
Take lots of photos. The more the better...then you have more to choose from.